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Friday, April 14, 2006

Education in Hong Kong



Life in Hong Kong

Overview

Hong Kong was a United Kingdom colony until 1997, as a result, its education system follows the Education in the United Kingdom. Following the introduction of the comprehensive school system in the 1960s in the UK, children in Hong Kong would transform from the old education system of entering a first school (4 years) followed by a secondary-middle school (4 years), then a secondary-high school (3 + 2 years) to the new education system of primary school (6 years) followed by secondary school (5 + 2 years). The trend of late has been to replace first schools with primary schools and accordingly, secondary-middle and secondary-high schools with fully-fledged secondary schools. In Hong Kong there is a non-compulsory three-year kindergarten education followed by a legal requirement of a six-year primary education, three-year junior secondary education, two-year senior secondary education and a non-compulsory two-year matriculation course leading to the Advanced Level examinations. There are also Tertiary education offering various bachelors, masters and doctoral degrees, other higher diplomas and associate degree courses. Since the 1970s, a policy of nine-year free and eleven-year (with exceptions^) compulsory education has been launched in Hong Kong. It includes six years of primary education and first five (^or three) years of secondary education. There are basically three types of comprehensive schools in Hong Kong. Firstly there are government schools, which are relatively rare, by far the most numerous are subsidised schools, run by charitable (often Christian) organizations with government fundings. Most private schools are run by Christian organizations as well, admissions are based more on academic merit than on financial ability. Outside this system are the private international schools, which provide an alternative to the high-pressured mainstream education, in exchange for much higher tuition fees. The mainstream education system in Hong Kong has often been described as a Peking Duck-style education, meaning that students are learning force-fed by being made to memorise books for examinations. Schools in Hong Kong typically have strict codes of discipline, practically all school students in Hong Kong wear uniforms. Hong Kongs Education SystemDoctoratesMastersYear 3(HKALE)
Secondary School / Matriculation(HKCEE)
Secondary SchoolForm 3Primary 6

Pre-school / Nursery / Kindergarten education

This is usually a non-compulsory, three year education before primary school. As the German word kindergarten would suggest, there is little education going on, but serves more as a child-caring institution. Some kindergartens employ a morning and afternoon class system. Students of the morning class tend to receive better care and help.

Primary Education

Primary education in Hong Kong covers a wide curriculum. Core subjects include Chinese, English, and Mathematics. Other basic subjects include social studies, sciences (physics, chemistry and biology), and health education (or General Studies which is a mixture of the aforementioned), music, physical education, and art and craft. The teaching medium in most of the local schools is Chinese with English as a second language. International schools make their teaching medium English, with some of them providing education in an alternative language as a second language. For example, the German Swiss International School makes German the second language, and the French International School, French. A central allocation system (the Secondary School Places Allocation system) was introduced when the Academic Aptitude Test was cancelled in 2000. This is used to determine which students, who successfully completed primary school, are eligible to which secondary school. This is determined by the students grades in three examinations (the second term in Primary Five, the first and second terms of Primary Six). The grades are then adjusted by the schools overall performance in the Academic Aptitude Test during 1997 to 1999 by a complex formula. This determines what band your school is in. As schools are now divided into three bands now (2004) according to their academic standards, the top few children of each class are most likely to enter Band 1 schools, and vice versa. There has been some debate whether this band system is fair or discriminatory. The courts have already gone someway to help reduce the discriminatory effect by changing the five-band system to a three-band one. This band system also affects secondary school students wishing to enter tertiary institutions. Note, however, that this band system does not apply to international schools.

Secondary Education

Secondary education in Hong Kong is largely based on the UK schooling system. Secondary school starts on the seventh year of formal education (kindergarten is excluded) after Primary Six, called Form One. Students are requried by law (with some exceptions) to spend five years in secondary schools, of which the first three years (Forms One to Three) are spent on general, instead of subject-divided, education. Form Four and Five students prepare for the Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination (Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination), which takes place after Form Five (similar to the UKs GCSEs or O-levels). Students obtaining a satisfactory grade will be promoted to the Lower Sixth, who then prepare for the Hong Kong Advanced Level Examinations (Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination) (similar to the UKs A-levels), which are taken after the Upper Sixth. A central allocation system for places, called the Joint University Programmes Admissions System (JUPAS), determines admission to tertiary institutions, largely based on the students HKALE (and HKCEE) results. A few students who perform exceptionally well on their HKCEEs are sometimes fast-tracked straight to university upon the completion of Lower Sixth though the Early Admissions Scheme (EAS), bypassing the HKALEs, although this tends to be the exception, rather than the rule, as only a handful of students meet this criteria each year. In some schools, Lower and Upper Sixth are also called Form Six and Form Seven. International school students rarely take Hong Kong public exams, instead, they take international public exams such as IGCSEs / A-levels, IBs, Abiturs, SATs, etc. As of Oct 2004, there has been heated discussion on proposed changes towards a US-style education system, inter alia, reducing secondary education from seven to six years, as well as merging the two public exams HKCEE and HKALE into one public exam. The proposed changes will likely take effect within the next few years. In the OECDs international assessment of acrobat readerstudent performance, PISA (student assessment), Hong Kong was one of the high scorers: in 2003 15-year-olds from Hong Kong came first in mathematics, and third in science, worldwide.

Tertiary education

With a adobe acrobat free downloadstunning eight universities and several other tertiary institutions in just one city, tertiary education plays a key role in the education system of Hong Kong. The number of tertiary education graduates (as proposed by the government) would increase to 60% of Hong Kongs population by 2010. Therefore, the number of undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes, associate degree programmes and higher diploma programmes will be increased substantially in the coming years, barring any universities merging. Of the 36660 students who attended the HKALE in 2003, 18049 (50.3%) of them fulfilled their general entry requirement to their respective university, usually a pass in Chinese and English, plus another two A-level subjects (or one A-level subject and two AS-level subjects). Students who sit for the HKALE first time have a success rate of 75.8%. There are 19 different A-level and 20 different AS-level subjects available. Of the adobe acrobat reader39, 32 subjects can be answered in Chinese. (Source: Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority) However, local universities provide only 14500 places for degree programmes, which means about 4000 students have to consider other options for their tertiary studies, e.g. higher diploma programmes and associate degrees. The duration of the associate degrees and higher diploma programmes is usually two years. Students can then either transfer to a full undergraduate degree program in local universities or foreign universities if they meet certain academic requirements. They usually start from the first year, although sometimes they may be allowed to start from the second, if their course credits are transferrable. Thus, in a way, students who performed badly in the HKALEs are acrobat reader downloadgiven a second chance. In the past, only a few local universities provided associate degree programmes. As the demand for these programmes increased, other organisations such as Po Leung Kuk, Caritas, etc. also began to provide associate degree programmes. The tution fees for these courses were also less than those for local universities, partially reflecting their standard. The cost of undergraduate, full-degree, full-time programmes tend to be around HK$40,000 - 50,000 a year, with the cost being higher for engineering and medical students. The reason for this relatively low cost is due to heavy government subsidisation. The University of Hong Kong and the acrobat readerChinese University of Hong Kong are considered by most the top two universities in Hong Kong. Nevertheless, the standard in other universities is not low, and depends heavily on the subject studied. In particular, there has been strong competition from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, espcially in the fields of technology and business administration. Postgraduate study is more exclusive. Since many Hong Kong students would choose to complete their postgraduate studies abroad, this has resulted in an insufficient number of local applicants, making the overall standard unimpressive. However, this is greatly compensated by students mainly from regional countries, who provide an unusually international outlook, compared to undergraduate education. orrenf2gkBeing an international city, Hong Kongs tertiary institutions have many exchange student programmes with foreign universities, not just from the US and the UK, but also from many other countries, including Switzerland, Canada, Italy and Singapore, to name a few. As most exchange student programmes are one year long, this is the perfect way for students of other countries to broaden their horizons and enjoy and experience the vibrant life as well as all else that Hong Kong has to offer. Apart from the pollution, rarely has there been a complaint about life or the quality of education in this never-sleeping city. List of colleges and universities in Hong Kong

Tertiary education

Chinese University of Hong Kong
City University of Hong Kong
Hang Seng Scool of Commerce
Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts
Hong Kong Baptist University
Hong Kong Institute of Education
Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Lingnan University (Hong Kong)
Open University of Hong Kong
University of Hong Kong See also: List of universities in Hong Kong

Secondary education

Cheung Chuk Shan College
Diocesan Boys School, Hong Kong
Diocesan Girls eleanor53xsSchool, Hong Kong
German Swiss International School
Good Hope School
Heep Yunn School
Hong Kong International School
Island School
Jockey Club Ti-I College
Kings College, Hong Kong
Lycée Fran adobe acrobat downloadais International Victor Segalen (French International School)
New Territories Heung Yee Kuk Yeun Long District Secondary School
Pui Ching Middle School
Queens adobe acrobat downloadCollege, Hong Kong
S.K.H. Lam Woo Memorial Secondary School
South Island School
St. Josephs College, Hong Kong
St. Marys Canossian College, Hong Kong
St. Pauls College, Hong Kong
St. Pauls Co-educational College
St. Stephens College, Stanley
St. Stephens Girls College
Tai Kwong Middle School
Wah Yan College, Hong Kong
Wah Yan College, Kowloon
West Island School
Y.W.C.A. Hioe Tjo Yoeng College

Primary Education

Father Cucchiara Memorial School
Rosaryhill School
St. Pauls Co-educational (Kennedy Road) Primary School
St. Pauls Co-educational (Macdonnell Road) Primary School
Shanghai Alumni Primary School

K2



BEGIN Project Mountains infobox (scroll down to edit main article text) > K2
in Summer
Elevation: 1 E3 m (28,251 feet)
Eight-thousander
Latitude: 35° 53 N
Longitude: 76° 31 E
Location: Gilgit-Baltistan (Peoples Republic of China-Pakistan)
Mountain range: Karakoram
First ascent: July 31 1954 by Lacedelli & Compagnoni
Easiest Climbing route: rock/snow/ice climb END Project Mountains infobox > K2 (also known as Mount Godwin-Austen, Lambha Pahar, Chogori, Kechu or Dapsang) is a adobe acrobat downloadmountain in the Karakoram, part of the Himalaya mountain range, on adobe acrobat readerthe border between China and the Northern Areas of Pakistan. At 1 E3 m, it ranks as the second highest in the world after Mount Everest (8,850m). The mountain was first surveyed by a European in 1856. T.G. Montgomery, in the survey team headed by Henry Haversham acrobat reader downloadGodwin-Austen, designated it K2 (for Karakoram 2). K2 is considered a much tougher climb than Mount Everest. As of 2000, 189 people have made it, compared to almost 1500 who have ascended Everest. 49 people have died attempting the climb, 13 of these in 1986. The first professional attempt to climb it was in 1902 but despite five serious and costly attempts, the summit was not attained until an Italy expedition morholtpszcreached the summit on July adobe acrobat reader free download31, 1954. The expedition was led by Ardito Desio and the two climbers who actually reached the top were Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni. The first woman to reach the summit was Wanda Rutkiewicz in 1986. The first five women to reach the summit are all dead (3 of them bittensf05on the way back). This led to a belief that K2 carries a curse for women.

Books about K2

Ascent of K2 Second Highest Peak in the World by Ardito Desio
K2: Triumph and Tragedy by Jim Curran, ISBN 0395485908
K2: The Story of the adobe acrobat free downloadSavage Mountain by Jim Curran, ISBN 0898866839
K2: The Savage Mountain by Charles Houston, ISBN 1885283016
K2: Quest of the Gods by Ralph Ellis, ISBN 0932813992
The Last Step: The American Ascent of K2 by Rick Ridgeway, ISBN 0898866324
K2: One Womans Quest for the Summit by Heidi Hawkins, ISBN 0792279964

Movies adobe acrobat downloadabout K2

Vertical Limit
K2

Hull and Barnsley Railway



The Hull and Barnsley Railway (HBR) was opened on July 20 1885. It was incorporated as the Hull, Barnsley and West Riding Junction Railway, having a total projected length of 66 free adobe acrobatmiles, the Alexandra Dock in Hull, opened July 16 acrobat download1885 was included as parts of its free adobe acrobat readerconstruction. Various joint lines were operated in conjunction with the HBR. The line ran from Hull to Cudworth, with an eight-mile branch adobe acrobat downloadto Wath, adobe acrobat 70opened March 31 ardella1gpk1902. Before the grouping of 1923, the line was taken mahonxpu3over by the free acrobat readerNorth Eastern Railway

 
Upper 6
Form 5